What Causes Diabetes
Diabetes is a group of metabolism in which a person has a high blood sugar when the body does not produce enough insulin or does not respond to the insulin that is produces.
Most medical practitioner refer to it as diabetes mellitus, by describing a group of metabolic diseases in which the person affected by disease has a high blood glucose either because insulin production is inadequate, or because the person body’s cells is not responding properly to insulin, or both. Someone with high blood sugar will typically experience polyuria (frequent urination), and the person increasingly getting thirsty (polydipsia) and hungry
Types of diabetes
1. Type 1: Failure of the body to produce insulin.
2. Type 2: Failure of the body cells to use insulin properly.
3. Gestational: This is when pregnant women who had diabetes before pregnancy have a high blood glucose level during pregnancy.
4. Other specific types: These are diabetes that is due to genetic defects of insulin secretion, cystic fibrosis-related, steroid diabetes induced by high doses of glucocorticoids and other forms.
Causes of Diabetes
Most common factors causing are listed below
1. Obesity: Too much fat in the body is simply called obesity. Obesity is not the same as being overweight, One can be obese by consuming too much calories and when unused turned to fat in the body.
2. Smoking: Smoking is practice in which a substance, mostly tobacco or cannabis is burned and inhaled.
When someone is affected with type 1, such person will definitely need taking insulin injections for the rest of its life. Such person must also strictly properly controlling its blood-glucose levels by carrying out regular blood tests and following a special diet.
Type 2 diabetes is controllable by losing weight, strict adherent to a healthy diet, taking lots of exercise, and monitoring and controlling blood glucose levels. This type 2 diabetes is typically a progressive disease – which can gradually gets worse – and the affected person will probably end up having taking insulin, usually the tablet form